List of National Independence Days – With Details

List of National Independence Days – With Details

The topic “List of National Independence Days” refers to a compilation of dates when countries around the world celebrate their independence or national day. These are days of great historical significance that commemorate the liberation of a country from a colonial power or the establishment of a sovereign state. Independence Days are often marked by parades, flag-hoisting ceremonies, speeches, and other cultural and patriotic activities.

The list of national independence days includes various countries from different regions, each with its own unique history and struggle for freedom. It is an interesting and informative topic that highlights the diversity and richness of cultures around the world.

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CountryIndependence DayDetails
AfghanistanAugust 19, 1919Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919.
AlbaniaNovember 28, 1912Declared by Ismail Qemali in 1912 and signaled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule.
AlgeriaJuly 5, 1962Independence from France in 1962.
AngolaNovember 11, 1975Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Antigua and BarbudaNovember 1, 1981Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
ArgentinaJuly 9, 1816Independence from the Allies of World War II in 1955.
ArmeniaSeptember 21, 1991Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
AustriaOctober 26, 1955Independence was declared in Pakistan and this led to a nine month war ending on December 16, 1971.
AzerbaijanOctober 18, 1918 and May 28, 1991October 18: Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918; May 28: Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Bahamas, TheJuly 10, 1973Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.
BahrainDecember 16, 1971Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971.
BangladeshMarch 26, 1971Liberation of Minsk from the German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944.
BarbadosNovember 30, 1966Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
BelarusJuly 3, 1944Independence from the Netherlands (Belgian Revolution). Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as the first king of the Belgians in 1831.
BelgiumJuly 21, 1831Independence from the Netherlands (Belgian revolution). Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as the first king of the Belgians in 1831.
BelizeSeptember 21, 1981Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.
BeninAugust 1, 1960Independence from France in 1960.
BoliviaAugust 6, 1825Independence from Spain in 1825.
Bosnia and HerzegovinaMarch 1, 1992Independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992.
BotswanaSeptember 30, 1966Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
BrazilSeptember 7, 1822Declared Independence from Portugal on that date in 1822.
BruneiJanuary 1, 1984Independence from United Kingdom in 1984.
BulgariaSeptember 22, 1908Independence from Ottoman Empire in 1908.
Burkina FasoAugust 5, 1960Independence from France in 1960.
BurundiJuly 1, 1962Independence from Belgium in 1962.
CambodiaNovember 9, 1953Independence from France in 1953.
Cape VerdeJuly 5, 1975Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Central African RepublicAugust 13, 1960Independence from France in 1960.
ChadAugust 11, 1960Independence from France in 1960.
ChileFebruary 12, 1818Declared Independence from Spain on that date in 1818.
ColombiaJuly 20, 1810 and Recognized August 7, 1819Independence from Spain in 1810.
Costa RicaSeptember 15, 1821Independence from Spain in 1821.
Côte d’IvoireAugust 7, 1960Independence from France in 1960.
CroatiaOctober 8, 1991 and June 25Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Independence was declared after a referendum, by the Parliament on June 25 (the date is celebrated as Statehood Day); the EU pressured Croatia into a three-month moratorium, and on October 8 ties with SFRJ were formally severed.
CubaMay 20, 1902Independence from United States in 1902.
CyprusOctober 1, 1960Independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, but Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1.
Czech RepublicOctober 28, 1918As Czechoslovakia, marking independence from Austria-Hungary on October 28, 1819. As the Czech Republic after the split of Czechoslovakia on Jan 1.
CongoJune 30, 1960Independence from Belgium in 1960.
DjiboutiJune 27, 1977Independence from France in 1977.
DominicaNovember 3, 1978Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978.
Dominican RepublicFebruary 27, 1844Independence from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
Timor-LesteMay 20, 2002Independence from Portugal in 2002 (recognition, East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal).
EcuadorAugust 10, 1809 and May 24, 1822Proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810. Independence finally occurred on May 24, 1822 at the Battle of Pichincha.
El SalvadorSeptember 15, 1821Independence from Spain in 1821.
EritreaMay 24, 1993Independence from Ethiopia in 1993.
EstoniaFebruary 24, 1918 and August 20, 1991February 18 Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918; August 20 Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991.
FijiOctober 10, 1970Independence from United Kingdom in 1970.
FinlandDecember 6, 1917Independence Day of Finland Independence from Russia in 1917.
GeorgiaMay 26, 1918 and April 9, 1991May 26 Day of First Republic in 1918; April 9 Independence from USSR in 1991.
GhanaMarch 6, 1957Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
GreeceMarch 25, 1821Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence.
GrenadaFebruary 7, 1974Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1974.
GuatemalaSeptember 15, 1821Independence from Spain in 1821.
GuineaOctober 2, 1958Independence from France in 1958.
GuyanaMay 26, 1966Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
HaitiJanuary 1, 1804Declaration of Independence from France in 1804.
HondurasSeptember 15,1821Independence from Spain in 1821.
IcelandDecember 1,1918Independence from Kingdom of Denmark in 1918.
IndiaAugust 15,1947Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
IndonesiaAugust 17,1945Declaration of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from the Netherlands in 1945. The Netherlands acknowledged Indonesian independence and sovereignty in 1949.
IranFebruary 11,1979Iranian Revolution ends Monarchy in 1979.
IrelandApril 24,1916Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising on April 24, 1916, Independence from the United Kingdom.
JamaicaAugust 6,1962Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
JordanMay 25,1946Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.
KazakhstanDecember 16,1991Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
KenyaDecember 12,1963Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963.
Korea, NorthSeptember 9,1948Founding of the DPRK in 1948.
Korea, SouthAugust 15,1945(Gwangbokjeol) Independence from Japan in 1945. (Independence from Japan was declared on March 1, 1919, August 15 is the official Liberation Day of Korea.)
KuwaitJune 19,1961Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
KyrgyzstanAugust 31,1991Independence from USSR in 1991.
LatviaNovember 18,1918Independence from Russia on November 18, 1918. Independence from Soviet Union on May 4, 1990.
LebanonNovember 22,1943Independence from France in 1943.
LesothoOctober 4,1966Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
LiberiaJuly 26,1847Independence from the United States in 1847.
LibyaDecember 24,1951Independence from Italy. However, celebration of this day was abolished after the “revolution” of September 1, 1969.
LithuaniaFebruary 16,1918Act of Independence of Lithuania: Independence from the Russian and German Empires in February, 1918; Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania: independence from the Soviet Union in March, 1990.
MadagascarJune 26,1960Independence from France in 1960.
MalawiJuly 6,1964Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
MalaysiaAugust 31,1957(Hari Merdeka) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
MaldivesJuly 26,1965Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
MaliSeptember 22,1960Independence from France in 1960.
MaltaSeptember 21,1964(Independence Day (Malta)) Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
MauritiusMarch 12, 1968Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968
MexicoSeptember 16, 1810Independence from Spain declared in 1810. Recognized on September 27, 1821
MoldovaAugust 27, 1991Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
MongoliaNovember 26, 1921Independence from China on July 11, 1921
MontenegroMay 21, 2006Independence from State union with Serbia, in 2006
MoroccoNovember 18, 1956Independence from France and Spain in 1956
MozambiqueJune 25, 1975Independence from Portugal in 1975
BurmaJanuary 4, 1948Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948
NamibiaMarch 21, 1990Independence from South African mandate in 1990
NetherlandsMay 5, 1945Liberation from Nazi Germany in 1945
NicaraguaSeptember 15, 1821Independence from Spain in 1821
NigerAugust 3, 1960Independence from France in 1960
NigeriaOctober 1, 1960Independence from the United Kingdom in 1960
PakistanAugust 14, 1947Independence from the United Kingdom on 27 Ramadan ul Mubarik, August 14, 1947
PanamaNovember 3, 1903Emancipation and Liberation from Spain on November 28th in 1821, but Panama was a part of Colombia. The 1903 separation and independence from Colombia is celebrated as the official national Panamanian independence day on November 3, Separation Day, also known as Independence from Colombia
Papua New GuineaSeptember 16, 1975Independence from Australia of the former Territories of New Guinea, and Papua, in 1975
ParaguayMay 15, 1811Independence from Spain in 1811
PeruJuly 28, 1821Independence from Spain in 1821
PhilippinesJune 12The proclamation date of the 1898 Declaration of Independence by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution is celebrated as Independence Day. The Republic of the Philippines was recognized as an independent nation on July 4, 1946
PolandNovember 11, 1918Restoration of Poland’s independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Austro-Hungary, Prussia, and Russia
PortugalDecember 1, 1640Restoration of Portugal’s independence (from Spain) in 1640
QatarDecember 18, 1878The assumption of power of Sheikh Jassem bin Mohamed al-Thani, ancestor of the current ruling family, in 1878
Macedonia [FYROM]September 8, 1991Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991 (Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста)
RomaniaMay 9, 1877Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877
RussiaJune 12, 1990Supremacy of Russian laws over Soviet ones in the territory of the RSFSR is declared in 1990
RwandaJuly 1, 1962Independence from Belgium in 1962
Saint Kitts and NevisSeptember 19, 1983Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983
SamoaJune 1, 1962Independence from New Zealand in 1962
Sao Tome and PrincipeJuly 12, 1975Independence from Portugal in 1975
SerbiaFebruary 15, 1804The beginning of the Serbian revolution against Ottoman occupation in 1804
SeychellesJune 29, 1976Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976
Sierra LeoneApril 27, 1961Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961
SingaporeAugust 9, 1965Marks exit/separation from Malaysia in 1965 (National Day Parade)
SlovakiaJuly 17, 1992Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a Remembrance Day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday)
SloveniaDecember 26, 1990 and June 25, 1991(Independence and Unity Day) Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
Solomon IslandsJuly 7, 1978Marks Exit / independence from United Kingdom in 1978
South AfricaDecember 11, 1931Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931 (Not a public holiday). Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961
Sri LankaFebruary 4, 1948Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948
SudanJanuary 1, 1956Independence from the United Kingdom in 1956
SurinameNovember 25, 1975Independence from the Netherlands in 1975
SwazilandSeptember 6, 1968Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968
SwitzerlandAugust 1, 1291(Swiss National Day) Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291
TajikistanSeptember 9, 1991Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
TanzaniaDecember 9, 1961Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1961
Gambia, TheFebruary 18, 1965Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965
TogoApril 27, 1960Independence from France in 1960
TongaJune 4Tonga was never a colony, but late King’s birthday was celebrated on 4 July
Trinidad and TobagoAugust 31, 1962Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962
TunisiaMarch 20, 1956Declaration of independence from France in 1956.
TurkeyOctober 29, 1923Turkey becomes a republic following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. Turkish War of Independence
TurkmenistanOctober 27, 1991Declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.
UkraineAugust 24, 1991Independence from the Soviet Union on August 24, 1991. Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919 (Den’ Nezalezhnosti).
United Arab EmiratesDecember 2, 1971Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971 (National Day).
United StatesJuly 4, 1776Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776 (Fourth of July).
UruguayAugust 25, 1825Declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825 (Día de la Independencia).
UzbekistanSeptember 1, 1991Independence from USSR in 1991.
VanuatuJuly 30, 1980Independence from United Kingdom and France in 1980.
Holy See (Vatican City)February 11, 1929Lateran Treaty signed with Italy in 1929.
VenezuelaJuly 5, 1811Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
VietnamSeptember 2, 1945Proclamation of independence from Japan and France in 1945.
YemenNovember 30, 1967South Yemen Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1967.
ZambiaOctober 24, 1964Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1964.
ZimbabweApril 18, 1980Declaration of independence from United Kingdom in 1980.

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